Hysterosalpingography is a diagnostic test that uses x-rays to examine the uterus and fallopian tubes. It is used for diagnosing the cause of infertility as well as checking whether a permanent contraceptive (IUD) or tubal surgery is working properly.
The test uses an x-ray fluoroscope to take continuous images instead. A contrast material is used to enhance and make visible any abnormalities.
A radiologist is typically the one who performs this type of xray examination. You may be given general anesthetics before the test in order to relax and make you comfortable.
You will first lie on a table inside the examination room. The radiologist inserts a special scope into your vagina. She then cleans the cervix in preparation for the procedure. She will insert a tube through the vagina to the uterus and the fallopian tubs.
Once the contrast material is in place, your radiologist injects it into your uterus. This contrast material, which is a dye, is used to enhance the visibility of tissues on x ray images.
During the exam, you may feel cramping similar to menstrual discomfort. You will feel some slight vaginal hemorrhaging. You should use a pads instead of a Tampons to prevent infection.
As the radiologist examines the uterus and fallopian tubules, you may be asked to switch positions several times. You may be asked, if there is a specific issue, to wait up 30 minutes for additional images that were not taken with contrast material. These delayed images may provide clues that were not available in the original images.
These results will help your doctor determine whether you have abnormalities within the uterus and fallopian tubes which are blocking the fertilisation of an egg. This can lead to miscarriage. In some situations, the contrast can help flush these obstructions and allow you to get pregnant.
Some hysterosalpingograms are also used to test the success of tubal surgery or a permanent contraceptive such as Essure, Adiana or Ada. You should avoid this test if taking medication that affects your heart and blood pressure.
A hysterosalpingogram typically takes about 30 minutes. The radiologist could ask you several times to change positions so they can capture different angles.
If you experience any problems, contact your doctor immediately. Some of the most common complications include injuries to your bladder, bowel, or uterus. You may need to stay at the hospital for a while if you get a high fever, heavy bleeding, or severe abdominal pain.
Your gynecologist may tell you how to relieve the symptoms. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any other symptoms such as fever or chills.
Tell your doctor about any recent procedures or surgeries. This will prevent you from being exposed to harmful radiation and other chemicals during your examination.